Page thématique

Food and nutrition

Food is central to our daily lives. When it is safe and nutritious, it is a powerful ally for our health. However, an imbalanced diet or contaminated food can expose us to immediate risks or chronic diseases. ANSES provides scientific expertise at all stages of the food chain, from the production of foods of animal or plant origin through to the consumer's plate. It assesses the risks associated with the contamination of food by pathogens and toxic substances. It also assesses nutritional quality, and the risks of physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour.

News

Vitamin D : no endocrine disruptor label on food products
recherche Information produit alimentaire
28/10/2022

Vitamin D : no endocrine disruptor label on food products

ANSES advises against including vitamin D3 in the list of substances to be mentioned as endocrine disruptors on food products, as part of implementation of the French AGEC Act.
New European projects on the horizon, to better protect animal and human health
21/10/2022

New European projects on the horizon, to better protect animal and human health

ANSES is involved in five new projects that have been selected by the EU's Horizon Europe research programme. Some of them started in the first half of 2022, while others will begin this autumn.
Tick-borne encephalitis : tracing the origin of cases of transmission via cheese
Fromages de chèvre
07/10/2022

Tick-borne encephalitis : tracing the origin of cases of transmission via cheese

For the very first time, human cases of foodborne infection with tick-borne encephalitis virus were observed in France in 2020. Several ANSES laboratories responded in order to understand the circumstances, improve the detection of the virus in raw-milk products, and thus prevent the risk of similar cases occurring. The initial results of their work were recently published.
Media monitoring as an additional means of identifying plant pests
Un papillon fulgore tacheté, ravageur de végétaux
28/09/2022
News

Media monitoring as an additional means of identifying plant pests

In its work to monitor and detect new plant pests, the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) regularly analyses the scientific literature, as well as the professional and general media. This monitoring is complementary to other existing surveillance systems. In particular, it enables the detection of very localised damage caused by organisms that are not subject to mandatory reporting.
Wild mushroom season has begun : be vigilant !
14/09/2022

Wild mushroom season has begun : be vigilant !

The arrival of autumn marks the beginning of the wild mushroom picking season. Although wild mushrooms are popular delicacies, some species are nevertheless toxic or even fatal to humans. In 2021, four people died after mistaking a toxic species for an edible species. Whether you are a connoisseur or an occasional picker, you should remain vigilant and comply with good practices to ensure safe consumption.
Learn to distinguish horse chestnuts from sweet chestnuts, to avoid poisoning !
22/08/2022
News

Learn to distinguish horse chestnuts from sweet chestnuts, to avoid poisoning !

In this early autumn period, horse chestnuts, which grow and fall from the horse chestnut or conker tree, are frequently confused with sweet chestnuts, which come from the sweet or Spanish chestnut tree.
Reducing dietary exposure to nitrites and nitrates
Réduire l’exposition aux nitrites et aux nitrates dans l’alimentation
12/07/2022
News

Reducing dietary exposure to nitrites and nitrates

Every day, we are exposed to nitrites and nitrates through our diet. In light of current knowledge on their effects on human health, ANSES recommends reducing the population's exposure to these substances by taking proactive measures to limit dietary exposure. To that end, ANSES has identified several courses of action, in particular reducing the use of nitrites as additives in delicatessen meat, noting that this should be achieved in a controlled manner in order to avoid any increase in foodborne infections.
A new test to better detect pathogenic E. coli in food
12/07/2022

A new test to better detect pathogenic E. coli in food

Escherichia coli (E. coli ) is a bacterium found in the digestive tract of humans, other mammals and birds. Although the majority of E. coli strains are harmless, some of them can cause serious cases of diarrhoea and even, less often, death. ANSES has developed a faster and more targeted method for detecting pathogenic E. coli in food, in particular in raw milk products.
Monkeypox infection: What is the risk of transmission through food?
05/07/2022
News

Monkeypox infection: What is the risk of transmission through food?

In France, there has recently been an increase in the number of people infected with the monkeypox virus, responsible for monkeypox infection, mainly in Europe. The virus may be transmitted through direct contact with someone who is ill, and through respiratory droplets. ANSES was asked to provide an urgent assessment of the risk of transmission of this virus via food.
Adverse effects associated with the consumption of food supplements containing turmeric
29/06/2022

Adverse effects associated with the consumption of food supplements containing turmeric

Turmeric is a plant that is used as a spice and is also found in a wide variety of food supplements on account of its digestive, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Following several reports of hepatitis in Italy and France, ANSES is drawing attention to the risk of adverse effects occurring in association with the consumption of food supplements containing turmeric.
ANSES supports the Université Côte d'Azur in promoting physical activity for health – 31 August to 2 September 2022
12/05/2022

ANSES supports the Université Côte d'Azur in promoting physical activity for health – 31 August to 2 September 2022

In partnership with ANSES, the Université Côte d'Azur is pleased to invite you to the 17th annual meeting and 11th conference of HEPA Europe. The conference is organised jointly with WHO/Europe, in partnership with the City of Nice and the French Public Health Society (SFSP). This year's HEPA Europe conference will focus on "An ecosystem-based approach to promoting health-enhancing physical activity". The conference themes cover a wide range of issues including policy, active transportation, sport, determinants of physical activity, results for health, sedentary behaviour and many others. The aim of the conference is to engage policy makers, professionals, scientists and other stakeholders, as well as citizens, in the promotion of health-enhancing physical activity. The conference will be an opportunity to target and connect these different groups. The Nice meeting is a unique opportunity to meet with experts and influencers face-to-face; to network, mix and mingle; to learn from leaders in the field and to keep abreast of scientific, practical and policy developments in Europe and beyond. The event includes plenary conferences, concurrent discussion sessions, poster sessions and symposia. It will also include the annual meeting of HEPA Europe and concurrent sessions by most of its working groups. The conference has existed since 2005 and will be held for the first time in France, at the Palais de la Méditerranée in Nice, from 31 August to 2 September 2022.
Raw-milk cheeses: What are the associated health risks and what preventive measures can be taken?
08/04/2022

Raw-milk cheeses: What are the associated health risks and what preventive measures can be taken?

Salmonella, enterohaemorrhagic E. coli, Listeria monocytogenes – a wide range of bacteria can be found in the raw-milk cheeses and other raw-milk dairy products we consume. These are sometimes involved in cases of food poisoning, leading them to be recalled or withdrawn from the market. In order to further improve the control of these risks, ANSES has identified the types of raw-milk cheeses on which efforts should focus as a priority.

Decryption

Vitamin C
03/11/2022

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is involved in the formation of collagen and plays an important role in the defence against oxidative stress. Find out more about its role, the foods in which it is found, and the risks of deficiency.
Vitamin B9
03/11/2022

Vitamin B9

Vitamin B9 is essential for certain functions of the body, particularly cell renewal. In which foods is it found? Which population groups are most likely to be consuming inadequate amounts? What are the health risks of this inadequate intake? All the answers to these questions are in this article.
Salt or sodium chloride
03/11/2022

Salt or sodium chloride

Salt, which consists almost entirely of sodium chloride, is necessary for the functioning of the body. However, consuming too much of it can lead to the development of certain diseases. Find out which foods are high in salt and read our recommendations for limiting your intake.
Iodine
03/11/2022

Iodine

Iodine is vital to the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Find out about its importance to the body, the health risks in the event of excess or deficiency, and the foods containing it.
Iron
03/11/2022

Iron

Iron is mainly needed to help the body transport and use oxygen. Find out which foods are rich in iron, the risks associated with iron deficiency, and which population groups need special attention.
Calcium
03/11/2022

Calcium

Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and is found mainly in the skeleton. Find out why calcium is important for your health, which diseases are caused by a deficiency and which foods are rich in calcium.
What is histamine and what can be done to prevent poisoning?
17/08/2022

What is histamine and what can be done to prevent poisoning?

Histamine poisoning is one of the main causes of foodborne illness related to fish consumption. However, this poisoning can be avoided by observing hygiene rules, particularly regarding the cold chain. Here are some explanations.
Ten questions & answers concerning nitrates and nitrites
12/07/2022

Ten questions & answers concerning nitrates and nitrites

What is the difference between nitrates and nitrites? Why are they found in food? Through what foods are we most exposed to these substances? Are we too exposed to them? Is there really such a thing as “nitrite-free” delicatessen meat? You will find all the answers to these questions in this article.
What are the health effects of energy drinks?
30/06/2022

What are the health effects of energy drinks?

What do “energy drinks” contain? What health effects can they have? How can you avoid these effects? ANSES answers your questions.
Why and how should you eat fish?
30/06/2022

Why and how should you eat fish?

Fish and fishery products have valuable nutritional qualities that make them particularly beneficial foods, in particular to meet our needs for omega-3 fatty acids. Even so, they can accumulate chemical contaminants by filtering seawater and feeding on other fish. Here are some tips to help you make the most of their nutritional benefits without taking any risks.
Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) infection and how you can prevent it
20/06/2022

Enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) infection and how you can prevent it

Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a bacterium found naturally in the digestive microflora of humans and warm-blooded animals. While most Escherichia coli strains are safe for humans, certain strains such as enterohaemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC) cause potentially severe infections, primarily in young children and the elderly.
Listeriosis and how you can prevent it
20/06/2022

Listeriosis and how you can prevent it

Listeriosis is a foodborne infection caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes . Cases of listeriosis are rare in France but when they occur, they are severe. What foods are involved? What are the health impacts? Are certain population groups at greater risk? You will find the answers to these questions in this article.

Publications

Document PDF
Assessment of the physical and chemical risks in foods
Thematique
Food and nutrition
Date de mise en ligne
11/08/2022
Numéro de saisine
2020-SA-0106
Document PDF
Assessment of the biological risks in foods
Thematique
Food and nutrition
Date de mise en ligne
21/11/2022
Numéro de saisine
2022-SA-0110
Document PDF
Assessment of the physical and chemical risks in foods
Thematique
Food and nutrition
Environmental health
Date de mise en ligne
24/01/2022
Numéro de saisine
2020-SA-0020
Document PDF
Assessment of the physical and chemical risks in foods
Thematique
Food and nutrition
Date de mise en ligne
24/01/2022
Numéro de saisine
2020-SA-0083